Now is the time to plan!
Spread out on the rug in front of the fire with your gardening notebook, last year’s leftover seeds, your favorite seed catalogs (mine are Fedco, Richters, and Horizon Herbs), and a mug of tea of course. Ideally, you wrote down what went where and how it did last year, and can now look through those notes and find ways to improve your rotation, soil fertility, use of microclimate, etc. Eliot Coleman’s books are a useful resource for this. If you didn’t take notes, turn over a new leaf this season so your skills can build as your garden grows!
Sort your seeds into annuals and perennials, time of year they’re planted, soil needs (rich vs. poor), microclimate needs (sun/shade/wet/dry/wind etc.), transplants vs. direct seeds, etc. Do you see any promising combinations? Perhaps your Arnica may like to grow together with St Johns Wort and Bee Balm, instead of in with the Marshmallows.
Make some lists: What do you have? What do you need to buy for next season? What plants will you start indoors, and what will you direct seed?
Draw some diagrams: where was everything last year, and where are you planting each new friend? How can you rotate your annuals around your perennials? Some people like to use index cards or scraps of paper to do this so they can move them around easily. I use a pencil in my notebook, that way I can refer back to my thoughts later.
This year, as you putter and tend and mulch and hoe and coax, draw pictures of your work. The better your records, the easier it is to find ways to improve your garden’s vitality.
Interested in in-depth study in all of these topics (and much more)? Check out the Medicinal Gardener Course!